1Where to sample
Soil Check recommend a composite sample in most cases. The way to gather the composite sample would be to pick three or more locations across a flower bed or allotment and to dig down (using stainless steel tools if you have them) to perhaps 5-10cm where the ground has a bit of moisture. Then take a bit from each of the locations and mix together at the surface and then put this combined material into the jar.
If you are particularly worried about one spot or a particular layer of soil in your garden where there is staining, or die back for instance, you can just as easily sample that one area rather than take a composite. You can also take more than one sample; just remember where you took them from.